by Brian DeChesare Comments (385)

How to Write an Investment Banking Resume When You Have No Real Work Experience

How to Write an Investment Banking Resume When You Have No Real Work Experience

“Ok, I’ve followed your resume templates, but I don’t have any real work experience and I’m applying to internships… what do I do?

How do I compete with the guy who already has finance internships on his resume?

This one is very common if you’re still in school and you’re going for internships or even full-time offers.

And it applies even if you’re more experienced – but you don’t have much in the way of finance experience.

So here’s how you spin your resume to win investment banking interviews – even if you don’t have much “real” work experience.

Get the Templates Right Here

How to Spin Non-Finance Experience: “Before” [Download]

How to Spin Non-Finance Experience: “After” [Download]

Wait, Resumes Still Matter?

You might be wondering why this matters at all: doesn’t networking trump polishing your resume?

Yes, any day of the week. And spending dozens of hours “perfecting” your resume is still a waste of time.

But you still need a solid – if not perfect – resume. That’s especially true if you’re not coming from a well-known school and you don’t have brand-name internships.

And if you use cold-calling or cold-emailing to contact banks, they will judge you heavily based on your resume – so it needs to be good.

The Tutorial

To make all of this more concrete, we’re going to do a “resume makeover” and show you exactly how to change this university student’s resume to make it far more effective.

You can watch the video tutorial below:

And here’s the text version:

Key Mistakes

This resume is certainly not “terrible” – but there is one big problem:

Nothing on here indicates any interest in finance or desire to do a finance internship.

What’s wrong specifically?

  • He lists too much experience, and most of it isn’t relevant. 2-3 solid entries is far better than 6 thin experiences.
  • He does not highlight what’s most relevant to finance here, and instead treats everything as equal.
  • He fails to list a highly relevant entry that should be counted as “work experience” rather than an “activity” at the bottom.
  • He’s not specific enough with the finance-related experience.

So how do we fix all that?

Magnify Tiny But Relevant Experiences

Repeat after me: relevance trumps time when it comes to work experience.

This student should focus on just 2 experiences:

  • JP Morgan Investment Banking Case Competition
  • Investment Fund

And then he can briefly write about his retail job over the summer and the student newspaper.

Unlike the others, the retail job is “real” work experience, in an actual workplace – which shows banks that you’re capable of functioning in the real world.

Right now this student barely mentions #1 and #2 above, but he should expand on both and pretend they’re work experience.

Even if the case competition only lasted a week, you need to draw attention to it because of the brand-name and because it’s more relevant than anything else on there.

Turn Your Hobbies and Clubs Into “Work Experience”

Examples of hobbies, clubs, and activities you could turn into “work experience”:

  • Day Trading / Your Personal Portfolio (works better for Sales & Trading)
  • Professional Organizations (e.g. Society of Securities Analysts)
  • Finance Website You Started
  • Case or Investment Competitions
  • Student-Run Investment Funds or Finance / Consulting Clubs

What if you’ve racked your brain and you really can’t think of anything that seems remotely related to finance?

Your best bet is to re-position some of your experience as “consulting,” emphasizing the recommendations you made and the results rather than the technical details.

Remember, anything could be called “consulting” – and if you never had a formal title, all the better. More on that one here.

Cut Out “Work Experience” If It Won’t Impress

Forget about telling the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth: there’s no “law” that you have to list every last detail on your resume, and most of the time you shouldn’t.

What should you cut?

  • Part-time experience at the library, student center, etc.
  • Retail/restaurant work.
  • Anything you’re listing just to make a “laundry list” of activities – move this to the bottom instead.
  • Anything over a year old that’s not relevant.

One exception: you may want to leave on retail/restaurant-type work experience if that’s all you have aside from activities.

Don’t focus on it, but it’s good to keep at least 1 entry on there to show banks that you have some real world exposure.

Forget Chronological Order

While you should usually use reverse chronological order for your resume, there’s no “rule” that says you have to strictly follow it.

So if you have “JP Morgan Investment Banking Case Competition” please put that at the top of your Work Experience no matter what the date was.

If you’re no longer in school this gets harder to justify and you should stick more closely to chronological order.

Move Your School to the Bottom

In the case where you have brand-name companies on your resume and a non-brand-name school, you could move Work Experience to the top and put Education below it instead.

That may raise some questions if you’re still in school – but it is an option if you’ve recently graduated and you feel that your work experience looks more impressive than your school, GPA, or major.

We’re not using this strategy here because this student is applying for summer internships and because his university – while not a “target school” – is also far from unknown.

The End Result

You can see for yourself right here.

We’ve using the exact same experience, but we’re presenting it differently, focusing on different points, and excluding what doesn’t matter.

And this student now has a much better chance of getting interviews and landing offers.

What to Do When You’re Out of School

If you’ve already graduated or you’ve been working for a few years, you can still apply some of these strategies.

The main difference is that you can’t get away with turning all your activities into “work experience” as a student might be able to.

You can still list them on your resume, but you need to focus on “bankifying” your real work experience by focusing on the business results and the big picture.

Wait, Is All of This Legal?

You might also be wondering if everything I’ve suggested here is “legal.” Will you be flagged during background checks? Get your offer rescinded because you omitted something?


While you shouldn’t omit major summer internships, leaving out part-time, unpaid, or informal experience is fine.

And spinning experience into sounding bigger than it really was is not lying – it’s just spinning.

All of This Helps, But…

Also note that while the strategies here will help you get interviews and will make your resume look more substantial, you’re still not going to “beat” the guy or girl with a Goldman Sachs internship and an Ivy League school on his/her resume.

So you won’t be able to level the playing field completely, but you can give yourself a boost and reduce the gap between yourself and everyone else applying.

What Now?

If you’re applying for internships or full-time positions and you don’t have much real work experience think about what you could spin into sounding relevant: Clubs? Activities? Your Own Portfolio?

What are the 2-3 most relevant experiences to focus on? What could be omitted to make room for more relevant entries?

Think about all that, and then re-write your resume and spin your way to success.

Still Need More Help?

Introducing: Premium Investment Banking-Specific Resume/CV and Cover Letter Editing Services

We will take your existing resume and transform it into a resume that grabs the attention of finance industry professionals and presents you and your experience in the best possible light.

When we’re done, your resume will grab bankers by the lapels and not let them go until they’ve given you an interview.

Specifically, here’s what you’ll get:

  • Detailed, line-by-line editing of your resume/CV – Everything that needs to be changed will be changed. No detail is ignored.
  • Your experience will be “bankified” regardless of whether you’ve been a student, a researcher, a marketer, a financier, a lawyer, an accountant, or anything else.
  • Optimal structuring – You’ll learn where everything from Education to Work Experience to Activities should go. Regional badminton champion? Stamp collector? You’ll find out where those should go, too.
  • The 3-point structure to use for all your “Work Experience” entries: simple, but highly effective at getting the attention of bankers.
  • How to spin non-finance experience into sounding like you’ve been investing your own portfolio since age 12.
  • How to make business-related experience, such as consulting, law, and accounting, sounds like “deal work.”
  • How to avoid the fatal resume mistake that gets you automatically rejected. Nothing hurts more than making a simple oversight that gets you an immediate “ding”.
  • We only work with a limited number of clients each month. In fact, we purposely turn down potential clients in cases where we cannot add much value. We prefer quality over quantity, and we always want to ensure that we can work well together first.


M&I - Brian

About the Author

Brian DeChesare is the Founder of Mergers & Inquisitions and Breaking Into Wall Street. In his spare time, he enjoys memorizing obscure Excel functions, editing resumes, obsessing over TV shows, traveling like a drug dealer, and defeating Sauron.

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  1. Avatar
    Khadir Mohammed

    Hi Dear,

    This Is Khadir Mohammed. I have two years of working experience customer services and administration with MBA, and want break into investment banking. I looking for your advice please

    1. I would need more information to give you an answer… where did you do your MBA? What was the school’s reputation? What kind of alumni networks do you have access to?

      In general, if you *already* did the MBA and graduated, it will be extremely difficult to get into IB via any method. But there are some tips here:

  2. Avatar
    Sudheer Mambra

    Hello Brian,

    It’s a great article and highly informative. Many thanks indeed!
    I am 44 year old and have been working as an accounting staff (currently as an Assistant Accounting Manager) for the last 17 years with an automobile dealer in Oman. I started my accounting career with just B.Com and then enrolled for ACCA during 2012 and became a ACCA member in 2017. It was during the learning of ACCA syllabus I noticed that I was interested in finance. However, my current job responsibilities do not have anything related to finance. But I am very interested in finance and IB.
    My doubts are :
    1. Is my age a barrier to break into IB ?
    2. Will my low GPA in B.Com be a negative point while I attempt the career change?
    Kindly help me .
    Thanking you,

    1. 1) Yes. Think about the other options here:

      2) Yes, potentially, but it depends on the path you pursue (IB is not a great idea at this stage).

  3. Avatar

    Hi Brian,

    I’m currently a sophomore at a US target and worked in operations and research at a very small PE firm over the summer. Would changing my title on my resume to “Private Equity Summer Analyst” be lying if I am still truthful in my bullet points about what I specifically did during the internship?

    1. I think that’s quite a stretch, so I would not recommend it. You can still call it a private equity firm and describe the tasks as being PE-related. But it’s better to use your actual title or make it clear that you were in operations/research.

  4. Hello Sir, I am studying in one of the top B-schools(top 10) in India but my grades are average nothing great, moreover i am an engineer and have very little experience in finance (2 internship Tata Power and Stock Holding Corporation India limited) but with not specified roles. I have few certificates like Equity Research by NCFM, Bloomberg Market Concept, Credit and Operation Risk by NCFM and candidate for CFA level 1. Can you guide me how to make resume so it will attract finance recruiters (other than investment banking job). And what should I do in next 5 months as campus placements will start from December.

    1. India is an extremely tough market unless you’re at one of the top IIMs, so often the best approach is “Move to a country with more IB jobs.” Another approach might be to network with boutique banks focused on advising startups in the country or to aim for Big 4 roles instead; there are some India-specific tips here:

      1. Thanks a lot Sir, BTW I am student in an old IIM (top 6), but due to large batch size it is difficult to get shortlist for interview in final placements. And I am not interested in investment banking job, I just want to enter in Bulge bracket banks and work in roles like risk management, treasury, portfolio management and other similar profiles. Will CFA will be of any use here and what else can I do to make my resume more strong for final placements.

        1. Yes, you could do that if you want, but I don’t know if a CFA would help that much for middle-office roles. We don’t focus on those types of roles on this site, so I can’t advise you any further here.

  5. Hello,
    I earned a Msc in quantitative finance and a Master in corporate finance (both with top grades),
    Can I omit the bachelor degree (bad grades) from my resume?

    1. You have to list the degrees you earned, but you could maybe show some type of combined GPA or just the GPAs from your Master’s programs.

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