by Brian DeChesare Comments (17)

Why You Shouldn’t Start Your Investment Banking Job Early

This is a question that always seems to pop up after people have secured their full-time investment banking jobs.

“I’m done with school a semester early and have nothing to do between now and when I start my full-time job at Goldman Sachs / Morgan Stanley / (Insert Other Prestigious Firm Here). Should I just start in January so I can get a leg-up on other Analysts and get an additional 6 months of work experience?”

No, you shouldn’t.

I always recommend starting at the same time as the other investment banking analysts in your “class,” and not just so you can spend those months sitting on the beach and drinking Piña Coladas.

It can hurt you both financially and in terms of work experience if you go outside the norm and start in January or February before everyone else.

Work Experience Issues

If you start early, you’re not going to be put on any live deals or good projects in your first few months.

When you apply for those investment banking exit opportunities, deal experience is critical. You can’t write a private equity resume, for example, without having substantial deal experience.

Instead of giving you real work, banks will just use you for gruntwork and menial tasks – the work that more experienced Analysts do not have time for.

So you’re not going to great experience if you start early. And by the time you’ve moved up the learning curve and can actually work on real transactions, you’ll be sent off for 1-2 months of training – which means you have to stop working on your deals.

Therefore, banks are no more likely to give you real work at the end than they are at the beginning of your early start.

But How Is It Different When I First Start In August?

In all fairness, you won’t get much “real” work when you first start with the rest of your Analyst class anyway. But there are 2 big differences:

  1. When you come in, a whole lot of Analysts have just left and projects are under-staffed. Which means you’ll be getting all the “real work” they are no longer doing.
  2. You’ve been through training. Although arguably worthless, it makes you more credible in the eyes of senior bankers and more likely to get good projects.

Market Conditions

Back when Blackstone was buying a new company every day, there were way too many deals and not nearly enough Analysts. But when the market goes downhill and deals dry up, the amount of good experience you get goes sharply downhill as well.

New Analysts, especially ones that start early, are hit hardest by this phenomenon. When the office has more Analysts than it does deals, the newbies don’t get to work on anything substantial.

Salary / Bonus Issues

If you start early, you do have a chance of not getting a pro-rated bonus for your first 6 months.

This means effectively you’re only getting paid less than half of what you should be earning.

This is relatively unimportant in the long term if you stay in finance and keep earning investment banker salaries through the years, but it is yet another good reason not to start early.

I’ve heard mixed reports on this; some people I know of started only 2-3 months early and were actually paid nothing, while others who started half a year early did get some kind of bonus.

Going back to the market conditions argument above, though, in today’s economy you’re less likely to be well-compensated for an early start, simply because there’s less money to go around.

Go Enjoy Life

Bottom line here is to go enjoy college rather than enter the real world 6 months early. Even if you’re done with classes, you can find other interests… take athletic classes, get more involved in activities, travel the world.

It doesn’t hit you while you’re still in school (I didn’t realize it either), but the spring semester of college is the last time you’ll have to do whatever you want with very few consequences.

When you’re working 80-100 hours a week, you’ll wish you could have gone back and not started early. And you’ve already worked hard enough getting your investment banking resume in shape and practicing for your investment banking interviews; it’s fine to relax for a bit.

The Fine Print (Exceptions Apply)

As with most everything else on the site, I like to point out that there are some exceptions to what I’ve written here.

One exception occurs when you’re not in college and are instead breaking into investment banking from other fields, like engineers going into finance, lawyers becoming investment bankers, going into finance from industry, or even getting into investment banking from academia.

In any of those cases, you may just have to start immediately. Aside from these, there aren’t too many reasons why you’d want to start early.

If you’re graduating early and the bank is making you start in January or February, I would make up a story as to why you can’t do this. Some other commitment, family issues, a study abroad program you’ve already committed to, anything really.

Or just don’t tell them you’re graduating early.

No one ever said investment banking was an honest profession.

M&I - Brian

About the Author

Brian DeChesare

is the Founder of Mergers & Inquisitions and Breaking Into Wall Street. In his spare time, he enjoys memorizing obscure Excel functions, editing resumes, obsessing over TV shows, traveling like a drug dealer, and defeating Sauron.

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  1. I’m confused. Nothing stated in this article suggests you’re at a disadvantage when you start early, just that there may not be any big benefits. But I disagree. You have to get through the growing pains no matter what. Why not get that out of the way early? I can’t fathom how 3-6 extra months in the group wouldn’t put you in a better spot after training when you return with your class.

    This article seems to suggest that you would be putting yourself at a disadvantage.

    1. Because it’s an extra 3-6 months of pain for which you do not receive much extra money or better or earlier access to exit opportunities. Yes, you do learn some skills earlier on, but often they won’t even give you much “Real work” if they know you’re starting early and will then go off to summer training and then come back right afterward (yes, illogically they will still send you to summer training even if you’ve started early…).

      If you really do not have other ideas or plans for what you could do in that time, sure, you could start early and attempt to get a leg up over everyone else – but it’s still not *that* beneficial in my view.

  2. SM,

    I would like to know how this work out for you. I found myself in the exact same position this year and I am wondering whether or not starting early is a good option.
    PS: Brian if you could weigh in on this issue that would awesome.

  3. Dear Brian,
    I’m an international student studying undergrad Finance at a target school. I’m hesitating between using up my OPT (for internships) or saving 9 months of it. The hesitation stems from the possibility of graduating early: if I graduate in December and start in January/February, I only need 3-4 months of OPT to carry me over to the April 15th H1-b Visa application date, while if I graduate in May and start working in August I need 9 months.

    If I do graduate early, do most banks hire undergraduate students in January (and allow them to begin employment)? The risk is that if I graduate early but don’t begin working full time within 60 days I will have to leave the country. On the other hand, not graduating early would cost me another full semester of tuition and living costs, and limit my internship opportunities to 3 months in the summer of my junior year.
    I appreciate any feedback.


  4. Class of 2012

    Would you still recommend starting early given the current state of the economy? They may decide to rescind your offer, and starting early would put you at an advantage in this case!

    Thanks for the input!

    1. This feature was actually written when the economy was really bad (actually most of this site was written when the economy was really bad since we started in late 2007 / early 2008). I still wouldn’t recommend starting early unless the firm has been cutting positions and they’ve rescinded offers like that before… depends a lot on your region and bank, so it’s more of a concern in the US / Europe and less so in Asia since there’s still growth.

      1. Class of 2012

        Jobs were cut, but at more senior levels (2nd/3rd year associate). To my knowledge, Analyst jobs weren’t cut. Thanks for the insight!

  5. Dear Brian,
    It’s been pointed out that you shouldn’t start Investment Banking early on. I should graduate next Fall, and I have to intern next summer, and I’m planning to find an IB internship (because it’s also mentioned that it gives you a better chance of being asked to go back and work for them). But here’s my main question.. I’m going to graduate from Dubai, and I want to do an MBA, but it needs 2 years experience. Should I find some normal-hour job for the first 2 years to get the experience required, do my MBA and THEN try and start in IB? Or should I just start IB when I graduate and then leave for my MBA? I want to do my MBA in Canada.. is that a good choice?

    I’m sorry for all those questions, and thanks again for your help and for this amazing website.

    – Karim

    1. It’s better to start in IB if you can – MBA option is very expensive and your odds of getting in are better as an undergraduate. Canada is ok but the top schools are still in the US / UK and then a few others like INSEAD.

  6. Hi M&I,

    Kind reader, in some months I have read and read so many articles in this website… Thank your for learning me so many things.

    I would like to know whether you would enter IBD before July, let’s say in January, in your local office rather than in London. I mean, imagine I will work in London in a Full-Time Position in June, but I graduate in December and I have the chance to work with the M&A number 1 team in my country/local office (real work at all times, not grunt work…). What should I do? Personally, I would move to Local Office and work there for a few months…

    Anyway, when you are in London, in some banks, you work closely with your local office. It could be great to meet them a few months before you “begin” in London…

    1. You could do it if you really want, just make sure you void the pitfalls here and actually get to do real work.

  7. GoGators

    Do most banks automatically hire new analysts to start in August, and only start early those who request it? I will be graduating this December, and I’m not sure what to say in an interview if asked why I want to start in summer rather than right after graduation.

    Any advice?

    1. Yes, that’s correct. New analysts generally start in July/August unless they have special circumstances. I would tell them you have other plans from December to the summer, such as travel, study abroad programs, or other commitments that you’ve already been locked into.

  8. Halberstram

    I just started in Feb. at a prestigious advisory firm (very similar to Evercore or Allen and Co.) and while I agree with most of your analysis, I do have an advantage compared to the analysts starting in July.

    I make pitch books quite frequently and occasionally sit an read dealbreaker for hours but I have also been given reals models to complete as well as executive summaries, which are not really grunt work.

    I was hesitant about starting early as well but in my case it seemed to have worked out in my favor. I may only end up getting a stub bonus as you suggested but it would be better then nothing.

    1. Hey there,

      Glad that you have had a positive experience so far. Certainly exceptions always apply and it seems like you have gotten a lot out of it. I based most of this on friends who had started early and seemed to regret it later on, but to each their own.

  9. Barry Cotter

    Is there anything in the way of extracurricular qualifications that you’d recommend getting? In a perfect world, obviously you wouldn’t need a degree to do the CFA, but is there anything an undergraduate could get that would look good? I’m thinking of doing the Factset/Dealmaven “Certification in Advanced Financial Modeling”, primarily for the huge leg-up it’d give me in turning into an Excel monkey. Would it be worth putting on a resumé though?

    Anything to say for a European studying economics and history and hoping to work in London in M&A, preferably Rothschild?

    1. No, I don’t think those are good uses of time.

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