by Brian DeChesare Comments (24)

10 Questions I Can Answer About the Future of Investment Banking

“What should we put our money in?”

“Is this the end of Wall Street?”

“Which bank is going to fail next?”

“Should I just move to Thailand or become a ski bum?”

The talk of rumor-mongers who obsess over every last development?

Paranoid message board chatter?

Too much refreshing of the Drudge Report each day?


These are all snippets of conversation from 4 friends in finance, discussing the world at large this past weekend while “on vacation” (I tried to make them turn off CNBC, but it didn’t work).

So if you’re asking the same questions, don’t feel ignorant – not even the insiders have the answers.

But I have been receiving many smaller questions lately – questions I might be able to answer.

1. Is This the End of Investment Banking?

No.  Companies always need to raise money, companies are always looking to buy, and companies are always looking to sell.  As long as that demand exists, the industry will continue to exist.

It will look different than it does today and than it did a year ago – specifically, there will be fewer big banks and more boutiques – but it will go on.

2. Will Bonuses Ever Return to 2006-2007 Levels?

Not in the near future.  They may return after we’ve recovered and hit our next bubble; we’ve already been through junk bonds, tech IPO’s and mortgages, so who knows what’s next.

Bonuses will fall again next year, though they’ll probably remain above 2001-2003 levels (if only slightly).

3. How Will Goldman and Morgan Be Affected?

In case you missed it, Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley are both “bank holding companies” now.

All that means is that they’ll become smaller versions of Citi, JP Morgan and Bank of America.

Sure, they’ve been affected by the crisis just as everyone else has been, but I don’t see any drastic changes in store for banking specifically (trading, of course, is entirely different and will be far more regulated).

4. Ok, But What about Goldman and Morgan Bonuses?

Most banks pay Analysts about the same bonuses each year; last year and the year before, the top commercial banks paid around the same as the top standalone investment banks.

Bonuses at Goldman and Morgan will be down, as will bonuses everywhere else – not because they’re now “bank holding companies,” but because the economy is far worse than it was last year.

5. What About the Middle Market and Boutique Firms?

These are actually 2 different questions, but in general there will be more small, advisory-focused boutiques as talent leaves the largest firms.

Middle-market banks with little exposure to the crisis may survive, but I foresee some consolidation even in that market.

6. What About Bank of America and Merrill?  (And Citi / Wachovia and…)?

Needless to say, people are going to lose their jobs.  It’s hard to say how many specifically in investment banking will go, but you can bet they’re not going to keep everyone.

However, the (somewhat) good news for you is that other areas will probably be hit harder than banking.

7. What Are My Chances of Getting In…?

Lower than they were before, regardless of your stats or previous experience.  If you want to improve them, take a look at my previous writing on recruiting in a tough market.

Or maybe just take a year off and become a ski bum.

8. Is There Anything in Finance that’s “Safe” Right Now?

First off, in life there’s rarely anything that’s “safe.”  So the notion of “job security” in any field is a farce, and in finance it’s even more of a joke – even when times are good.

Banks?  Forget about it.  Hedge funds?  Plenty of them have blown up as well, though you don’t hear about it as much because most are not well-known to the public.  Insurance companies?  Nope.

One area that is safer is private equity.  Sure, they may not be doing a lot of deals lately, but they’re not going to go bankrupt when everyone withdraws their deposits, either.  Once they have their assets under management, the capital is theirs to manage.

9. How Bad Will It Get?

Who knows.  Back when Bear Stearns failed, we thought that was bad – now it looks like a minor hiccup.

However, given that there are no major, independent investment banks left, I don’t think it can get too much worse.

Sure, companies invested heavily in mortgage-backed securities will continue to fail, and we could have another few WaMu-style disasters, but I would be astonished if, say, Bank of America had to be bailed out.

Side note: I would not keep more than $100,000 in any bank right now, because you just never know… not to be depressing or anything.

10. What Can I Do to Get In?

What I’ve been telling you to do all along:

Go small, go East (whether Far East or Middle East) and go outside pure banking positions.

Sure, things are pretty bleak currently, but I know that firms both large and small are still hiring.


Because I’ve spoken with many mock interview clients recently who have been interviewing at these places.

Adapt – don’t give up.

M&I - Brian

About the Author

Brian DeChesare is the Founder of Mergers & Inquisitions and Breaking Into Wall Street. In his spare time, he enjoys memorizing obscure Excel functions, editing resumes, obsessing over TV shows, traveling like a drug dealer, and defeating Sauron.

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  1. Dennis Ding

    Hi Brian,

    I really liked your realistic and practical approach to the market in your article. As someone who’s trying to break into banking, it’s a breath of fresh air from all the other “banking is great” articles online.

    I’m 27 and have an undergraduate and master’s degree in bioengineering from UPenn. The past 4 years, I was in medical school at Albany Medical College but a few months before I was set to graduate, I realized this field was not for me and withdrew from school. Now I’m interested in banking and finance but have no experience in the financial realm. How should I sell my engineering degrees and my medical background in a way that’s relevant to banking? And what kind of position do you think I should pursue first (internship, full-time) and where (big banks, boutiques, regional banks, etc) to maximize my chances of being successful?

    1. This article is ANCIENT – 2008 – see the comments and topic – so you shouldn’t take anything mentioned in this specific article seriously.

      Basically, you have a very low chance of getting into IB at this stage unless you can do another Master’s Degree (in Finance) or an MBA and do several internships along the way. The first question will be: “So… why did it take you 4 years and multiple degrees to decide that medicine wasn’t for you?” and you will need an incredibly good answer to that question.

      If you don’t want to do another degree, potentially you could try to cold call regional boutiques or PE/VC firms and ask about off-cycle internships. But in the 2017 market, you need a sequence of previous internships to have a good shot even at those.


    Go small, go East (whether Far East or Middle East) and go outside pure banking positions….

    HA HA HA … Just don’t do it ! don’t go to Middle East or you WILL really get disappointed !

    Things here in Middle East much down than in US or any other place in the planet

    1. This article was written in 2008, AKA you should not take it too seriously

  3. Hi Brian,

    I’m a senior graduating this spring and I have no offers. I have no idea what I want to do except gain experience in business/finance. Do you think joining a startup would be a good option for me in this market or should I try for banking again?

    1. M&I - Nicole

      Yes if you come across a decent startup opportunity I’d go with that one. Otherwise, continue networking with boutiques and 3rd tier banks and see what comes up!

  4. I have worked for a top platform vendor(if you think of the mayor of NY) for 3 years and have built solid knowledge in rate&credit derivatives; I currently work in pricing/modelling products and also hold internal and external training and seminar in fixed income. My Msc in IT and a Master of finance from a top European business school, both with honours, didn’t help me much to break into sales&trading in London, as I had graduated around the peak of the crisis. But I badly want to get a FO job in derivatives sales or structuring, or hedge fund.

    Now I have several ways in front of me:
    – internally transfer to a sell side account manager team: this helps to create relationship with FO users and increase my chance to meet ‘the right person’
    – internally transfer to the platform sales team which covers buy side (HF), so either to meet the right person or at least to build my client base to pave my way to a sell side sales position
    – as I had experience in IT and project management in IB, may consider firstly get a business analyst job for a FO project within an IB then try internal transfer?
    – study CFA or CAIA to increase my chance in the mid/long term while continue to do my current easy and frustrating job with a ridiculous pay

    Which one appears the best for you, can you please give me some advice? I’ll really appreciate your help!!

    1. M&I - Nicole

      Out of the 4 options, I may choose 2 – if you start covering HFs and FO clients you’ll be able to network and get your name out there. Its harder to move from BO to FO (3). Its also good to be doing (4) at the same time.

  5. Hello, I am 16 and really wanting to get into IB, is there anything I can do to get a ‘headstart’. Thank You

    1. Right now? Not much, just keep reading and learning about the industry and figure out if it’s really for you. Internships are not even available to you for several years yet.

  6. Great posts. You have a lot of references to previous years and timeframes in your articles. I would find it helpful if the articles provide a date when they were written. That way I would know what year you are referring to when you say things like “last year”. :)

  7. Hey so I’ve been perusing your site for quite some time and I couldn’t find anything on what to do really early in life. I’m currently a sophomore in high school and I want to get in the field of banking. I plan on getting an MBA for sure. What steps should I take right now to give the best possible edge?

    1. I generally don’t answer questions like that because I’m not a life coach – if you read The Banker Blueprint you will see what banks are looking for, at this stage go for unpaid internships at local firms or anything business-related that you can get

  8. Investment banking will not end, but because deleveraging is a long process I suspect that the size of the industry will collapse by around 60%. The reason is simple.. Less money..

    In the long term this is a healthy process. Business will go back to running the economy, and bankers will go back to their supporting role rather than leading role.

  9. The end of investment banks is not the new reality — I agree with your statement in #1. In these changing (and challenging) times, people seeking new attributes in their chosen advisor. If seeking to buy or sell, they are looking for a higher level of service (defind as tailored, not cookie-cutter) and a market approach to their particular situation. This will indeed lead to more success for high touch M&A firms.

  10. Is moving from a hf into a the corporate finance department of a large conglomerate advisable?

    Will I lose touch of the things going-on in finance?

    1. You’ll probably lose touch of some of what’s going on in the markets – but if you feel more secure by doing so, it’s not a bad move.

      You’ll get a better lifestyle but pay will obviously be much less.

  11. The big IBankers will shrink to a few, with more regulations and the M&A speciality firms will fill the void in a big way.

  12. engbanker

    You mention that PE may be somewhat sheltered from the current market conditions. My (elementary) understanding suggests to me that due to the high cost of debt, PE would really be hurting right now; particularly PE firms that engaged in LBO’s before the market turned last year. If my reasoning is incorrect could you please fill me in as to where I’m off the mark?


    1. It’s true that they aren’t doing deals, but you need to look at how they get paid:

      1) They take 2% of their total assets under management for some base salary/bonus payments.

      2) Beyond that, any returns on investments over a certain threshold are also used for salary/bonus.

      So they won’t be getting much of #2 this year, but if they have $30B under management, that’s still $600MM for base salaries even if they do 0 deals… so there is no need to fire people as there is in banking.

  13. Lucca_Brasi_Got_WACCED

    Can you elaborate on what you mean by “good to be getting in at the bottom”. You mention that in another post.

    I can think of the fact that there won’t be many from this year’s vintage in 2-3 years when the market (hopefully) is back up. What impact does this have for analysts that are in for the class of 2009?

    I can think of a smaller pool of analysts to go to PE/HF/VC/Corp Dev/Startups as a benefit, but what else? Will there be more opps. for MM Jr. bankers to shoot for Megafunds? What difference does it make if analysts see half as many (if that) deals in their tenure of 2-3 years?

    Hope you can elaborate. Thank you!!!

    1. Should be easier for 2009/2010 people to get in if there’s a shortage now. Especially if work picks up, they’ll need to hire more people.

      Half as many deals makes little difference at the junior levels, there are diminishing returns (50% of what you learn comes from the first deal, and with each successive deal you learn less).

      The main benefit of getting in at the bottom is that you will be at a higher-paid level when the market picks up again. So rather than getting a $90K bonus rather than $50K bonus, you would get a $600K bonus rather than $200K… much bigger difference there.

  14. […] & Inquisitions answers 10 questions about the future of investment […]

  15. This is a great time if you can get into banking….this guy here has the services that will make you able to lock in a job and if you can ride the wave you will come out on top when the economy flips…

    Like he said adapt and be flexible…there are still a ton of opportunities out there…you just have to be the best and the most prepared…

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